Vietnam water & wastewater Industry is in the intensive development period, with big efforts being made for expansion of service area, improvement of service quality, with different stakeholders involved. Financial need for 100% urban wastewater treatment is estimated USD 8-10 bio. Main challenges of municipal wastewater management include: Needs in adequate sanitation strategy and specialized wastewater planning; Increase of household connection coverage; Fight with urban flooding and climate change impacts; Sludge management, as well as septic tank and fecal sludge management; Mobilization of alternative sources of funding (Capex); Realization of Cost recovery (Opex). As a new format of private sector participation, there are 10 cities with private wastewater companies providing O&M contracts. Some cities have set the roadmap to increase the wastewater tariffs.
Some Vietnamese policies in urban wastewater management in a coming decade: Development of roadmap for urban wastewater collection and treatment, priority list, required resources; Integrated (river basin) management; Climate change adaptation considerations; Control of ground level and green space in urban projects; Focus on urban flooding control and risk management; Encouraging eco-friendly, sustainable urban infrastructure solutions; Encouraging rainwater harvesting and wastewater reuse; Combination of centralized and decentralized wastewater management solutions; Capacity building activities; Application of O&M Contract bidding for service quality and efficiency; Development of policies for mobilizing of private investors in wastewater sector; Preparation of Law of Wastewater (2021 – 2025).
There are lots of business opportunities in municipal wastewater field, thanks to current intensive development in cities, especially in the coming recovery period after pandemic. There are crucial needs in new technologies in wastewater collection, treatment, sludge treatment, resource recovery, smart system management solutions, etc. The recently issued Law of PPP Investment (2020) encourages PPP investment in 5 sectors, including water supply, wastewater, solid waste management. Private sector participation can be found in large projects in the form of construction, equipment supply, EPC, BOO, O&M contracts. In Decentralized wastewater management, the private sector is a key player.